What is Homeopathy and How Does it Work | Basics on Medicine & Dose

Homeopathy is a unique treatment formula proved by a German allopathic physician Dr. Samuel Hahnemann.

This was a coincidental idea which came to him during his practice as an allopathic doctor.

Hahnemann believed that Quinine an antimalarial drug was the actual cause of death in malarial patients because of its toxicity rather than the disease alone.

He considered that each drug had its own effects on the average healthy individual.

So when he consumed quinine, he experienced symptoms of malaria though he did have no malaria infection.

Similarly, each patient has his specific symptoms in any disease like fever, headache, etc.

So a person with an ordinary cold gets aggravation in symptoms when he is in a closed room than in open air or sometimes reverse of it.

What is Homeopathy and How Does it Work
Samuel Hahnemann the founder of homeopathy

This made him experiment with some more drugs and thereby built up initial materia medica or repertoire which had a list of drugs and their prominent symptoms.

What is Homeopathy and How Does it Work

There are a few theories but as per the founder’s thoughts

Every living body has its own homeostasis wherein all the functions of body exist in the state of mutual harmony with sufficient natural resistance to disease or disorder.

In diseased individual, this homeostasis is altered and the natural resistance against disease is insufficient or lacking.

So homeopathic medicine brings balance in homeostasis and helps to rebuild the natural resistance.

For this, a Homeopathic medicine which can induce the similar symptoms like those of the patient, in a healthy individual is administered to the patient.

This administration is thought to raise the intensity of symptoms and so the symptoms are aggravated than before.

The body’s resistance now tries to fight against this new and more severe symptoms a and in doing so, its declined ability to fight the natural disease is spontaneously increased.

The Drug’s effect subsides slowly due to its dilution in the body and now the body is left to fight against relatively weaker natural disease and easily overcomes it.

Thus body regains both i.e.practice balance in homeostasis and also lost natural resistance power.

Treatment with homeopathy

Homeopathy healing considers an individual as a whole, i.e., both body and mind as single.

Humans are not automobiles where if a part is disordered, it is repaired or replaced. Instead, it is a collective thing where every organ, tissue are interlinked in function and existence. So, alteration of any function in the body leads to alteration of entire body harmony.

Any disease brings alterations in the whole individual and is expressed as symptoms of both mind and body.

So diagnosis refers to the evaluation of all the symptoms of the individual with illness, i.e., both of mind and body.

Successful Treatment in homeopathy depends on

  1. Proper selection of drug based on clear-cut symptoms specific to the patient.
  2. Administration of medicine at suitable potency and proper intervals.
  3. Careful monitoring of the progress of patient towards a cure.

So both physician and patient along with his family play an important role in the cure of the disease

Drug research in homeopathy:

So how drugs are discovered for homeopathy. The founder of the system Dr. Hahnemann used to test many substances on himself starting from normal items from kitchen like salt, onion etc. He also tested many plant extracts by consuming and noting the effects they produce. Every material when taken by a healthy person for certain period will produce few symptoms. These symptoms are noted and when a disease in a person has similar symptoms, then this drug is given.

For instance, sodium chloride i.e. table salt is considered harmful to the persons with high blood pressure. But in homeopathy, it is prescribed for people with high blood pressure. So the with the principle of like cures like, salt cures high blood pressure.

Potentiation of drug

So, now the drugs are found based on their ability to produce symptoms in healthy individual. But the drug cannot be given as such, as they can cause side effects. Hence, these drugs are triturated using mortar and pestle by addition of inert substances like sugar or alcohol.

The dilution exist in three forms as

  1. Decimal diulution: Called as 1x, 2x, 3x etc. These dilutions have actual medicine ingredient and hence produce low effect.
  2. Cential dilutions: These are dilutions of 100 times and are found as 30C, 200C etc. They donot have medical ingredient in them
  3. Milli dilution:These are dilutions of 1000 times and are found as 1M.

The more the dilution, the less the adverse effects of the ingredient but more potent is the medicine.

In decimal dilutions, 1X is made by adding 1gram of drug and 9grams of sugar by trituration. 2X is made by taking 1 gram of 1X and triturating it with 9 gram of sugar. Thus at 19X, the final atom or molecule of the drug present as per Avogadro number is also vanished. But still, the dose will show effect.

In general for higher efficiency, higher is the dose or concentration of drug prescribed in Allopathy.

In homeopathy, this is opposite i.e

Higher the dilution of drug higher is potency or efficiency and duration of effect. This is true and is yet to be explained by science…

Even severity of symptoms of the administered drug is minimized adding another advantage.

The dilution is done by using alcohol or lactose sugar.What is Homeopathy and How Does it Work

Drug formulations:

The drug is given in two forms like

  1. Lactose Pills: Small rounded pills which have been drenched with tincture of the drugs.
  2. Tincture: Here drug is given in liquid form as an alcoholic extract of the drug.

Diagnosis of disease: In homeopathy disease diagnosis is done by evaluating the symptoms told the patient, his family members and also by personal examination by the physician.

Prescription: Based on the total symptoms, the drug which can produce more number of identical symptoms is chosen. For most cases, a drug which matches a minimal of 3 symptoms is prescribed.

Materia medica: This is a book available with every homeopathy physician which contains all the medicines and their symptoms.

Homeopathy disadvantages:

  1. It is tough to ascertain symptoms in animals and small children.
  2. Once tissue is destroyed, the chances of treatment are minimal by homeopathy.
  3. Not always the physician prescribes right medicine as the symptoms may not be collected well.

Homeopathy side effects

Many believe that homeopathy has no side effects as it is an alternative system of medicine and also the amount of drug involved is very minimal to cause any side effect.

But the reality is that there are chances of side effects by two critical modes.

1. Physical accumulation of drug: There are many metallic drugs like mercury, lead the, etc. the prescribed in homeopathy, but these, when used at low dilutions, are prone to cause heavy metal poisoning as per recent reports.

2. Alteration of symptoms: This generally occurs in chronic diseases treatment. When drugs are used at highest potencies in an improper way. i.e., when symptoms are not clearly understood or recognized, then there is permanent damage to the totality of symptoms of the patient which cannot be corrected later.

So it is advised to avoid irrational use or treatment with homeopathic medicine without proper diagnosis of symptoms and also the advice of a homeopathic doctor.

Study of homeopathy

Study of homeopathy is relatively easier than other systems of medicine. There are many people who practice homeopathy for their personal and familial benefit.

The study requires you to possess a proper knowledge of human anatomy and physiology, symptoms of diseases and disorders, and also ability to recognize any altered symptoms in the patient both at physical and mental level.

There are online homeopathy courses and also distant mode learning courses, but these may not entitle you to professional practice by law.

The involvement in discussions with other practitioners, regular reading of homeopathic journals helps you improve your skill in the practice.

Limitations of homeopathy: Homeopathy also has few limitations like
♦ Not efficient after tissues have been damaged.
♦ In animals, children symptoms gathering is not easy.
♦ In some cases, symptoms aggravate before cure takes place.

Biochemical drugs:Homeopathy also used biochemical drugs which are salts of different kind like phosphate, sulphates, chlorides etc. These are highly effective in treatment of disease and hence are prescribed along with homeo-medicines.

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