Piles are the swollen red colored external eruptions around the anus. They are most painful and also embarrassing experiences one can ever suffer from.
With piles it is difficult to sit, walk or even relax properly.
It is a health condition which affects many people in life time.
The symptoms of piles appear as mild problem in many people and symptoms subside naturally.
But in some of them it may be a full blown problem. The symptoms do not disappear and instead they become worse day by day.
It is one of the life style disorders which occurs due to the irregular habits of a person.
The only preventive remedy to piles seems to be proper water and fiber intake into the body.
Symptoms of piles:
The reason being in winters, we tend to drink less water due to the fear of coldness of water. This leads to dryness and dehydration of rectum leading to piles. Also there are chances that people use heat blowers which aggravate dehydration. IF you notice that you sleep in a room with a heater on during winters, the mouth seems to be dried and you feel more thirst. But you may not like to drink water due its coldness.
In summers due to heavy temperature and sweating we likely get dehydrated and the problem.
Also other factors include high fats content diet, spicy foods, chicken (non-veg), low water consumption, sedentary life etc.
The symptoms are seen in obese patients, pregnant women, children and even adults etc.
1. There is extreme pain during passing of stools with chances of bleeding.
2. Blood drips drop by drop during stools from anus or
3. One can even feel the fistula eruptions or bead like structures near the anus during passing of stools.
4. The symptoms aggravate by constipation and subside by drinking more water in a day.
5. Also sitting on a cushion like soft surface aggravates the symptoms while sitting on hard and wooden surface relieves.
Causes of piles:
a) Water insufficiency is considered as prime cause. So when you experience symptoms of pain, doctors ask you to consume more amounts of water.
Less intake of water will leas to dehydration in the body. So the water from gut is taken up to maintain the blood volume. In doing so the mucous layer of large intestine and rectum gets dried.
The bowels are also dry due to low water content. This leads to difficult movement of stools along the tract causing chances of rupture of mucous membrane. During evacuation, there is excess pressure on the delicate mucous layer of rectum leading to bleeding, inflammation etc. This leads to bleeding of the membrane and hence we observe blood in stools.
The blood in stools is first symptom of piles indicating low water content.
So when a person with piles consumes sufficient water, there will be quick relief from symptoms as seen in many cases.
b) Fiber less Diet: Diet without fibrous food is the next important cause. Low fibrous diet like fried, junk foods, enhance the dehydration. This diet can even enhance inflammation and pain in the rectum. Having more of fried food, meat, chicken, oil etc. can cause piles. So it is good to have seasonal fruits, salad and other vegetables to avoid piles.
c) Spicy foods: Piles are mostly seen in people who consume lots of spice, pickles etc. The spicy foods disturb the normal rhythm of the digestive tract. They can irritate the gut and make it sensitive and inflamed. Once these remnant of spicy food reach the rectum, they cause further irritation and pain. Hence you can notice that when you consume more of pickled or spiced food, there will be pain during evacuation. Minimal consumption of spicy foods will relive the symptoms of piles faster.
d) Irregular bowel habits also causes pile. So it is better to go for clearing bowels when there is the urge.
e) Sedentary life style: This is the common cause of pile. Lack of physical activity leads to inactive digestive gut movements. This causes constipation and there by piles. So to avoid this one needs to have active life with proper workout and exercises.
Even those who work for long by sitting experience piles. So it is good to work by standing and move frequently in between.
Treatment for piles by natural means:
Piles treatment can be very fast with a combination of allopathic drugs.
In practice doctors prescribe analgesics especially local anesthetics. These desensitize the area of pain and are helpful to relieve the pain immediately.
Anti-inflammatory drugs minimize inflammation which is the actual cause of pain, swelling of veins around rectum etc. These minimize the itching sensation and also the bleeding during stools.
Antibiotics are also given which help to reduce any infection based inflammation etc.
Further one has to avoid fried foods, foods with much pepper, chili powder, meat, chicken for faster recovery. Having light foods like milk, fruit juice, curds etc can help relieve symptoms fast.
The natural means to treat the piles are having
1. Water: Consume at-least 5 liters of water a day. Try to have a bottle of water around and take a sip every 15 min or so.
2. Banana/ mango: Having a banana like fibrous foods greatly enhance the water content of rectum and stools. This relives the pain and also symptoms.
3. Use of oil/ soothing gels: One can use coconut oil or other soothing oils to minimize the pain. But see that there is no infection growing.
Posture: Sleeping or lying down are good positions in times of extreme pain. For sitting one should avoid cushion, sofa like chair, but wooden chairs with hard surface will be helpful. Also try to minimize walking, running in times of intense pains.
Dress; Wear light fitting clothes especially around abdomen. This helps to minimize the pressure on the rectum. Also avoid belts, elastic clothing around the waist.
Physical exercise: It is recommended to go for some exercise like gym or yoga for prevention of piles. When there is activity the intestinal motility is fine. This helps movement of bowels and keeps free from constipation.
Hard surface for sitting: When tend to sit on cushion surface or sofas for comfort. But those with frequent symptoms of pile will find that sitting on hard surface provides relief.
Avoid riding bike: This may seem silly. But try and see by not riding your bike (not a scooter) or bicycle. You will see the decrease in pain and also bleeding during stools.
Also go for stools when you feel the urge. Do not delay and avoid the urge.
Of all the above tips, try to have diet of plain milk or something mixed with milk or butter milk. Avoid all the possible types of spice, even avoid non-veg for a week. You will see a dramatic decrease in symptoms.