Medicinal plants can be used to treat many diseases ranging from fevers to hypertension and diabetes.
These natural herbs are an important source of drugs for alternative medicine systems.
They are thought to constitute 80% of the total drugs used by humans.
These natural healing herbs are used in the treatment of many diseases and disorders.
Their specialty is advantages like better compatibility in the body, easy metabolism, low side effects and also less expensive than synthetic drugs.
Further, they are not harmful to the environment after disposal.
They don’t require heavy manufacture, expensive analysis, and storage facility.
They retain their potency for a long period if stored well.
Many of them can be used as homemade preparations during an emergency or can be bought as over-the-counter drugs without a physician’s prescription.
These medicinal plants come under different types of plants and are not restricted to one family or type of plants.
So below chart gives an idea of the List of Medicinal Plants and their uses.
List of Medicinal Plants, and their uses
|Sl.No.||Name of plant||Scientific source||Uses|
|1||Aconite||Aconitum ferox –plant root||Succulent leaves. Used as a hydrating agent for smooth skin|
|2||Aloe vera||Aloe barbadensis||Correct Blood pressure, heartbeat, congestive heart failure, COPD for easy breath|
|3||Arjuna||Terminalia Arjuna-Tree dry Bark||Anti-spasmodic, anticholinergic antidote for chloral hydrate & opium poisoning|
|4||Ashwagandha||Withania somnifera-roots & stem bases.||Anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, in fever, as an expectorant (to remove phlegm)|
|5||Belladonna||Atropa accuminata leaves & flowers||Correct Blood pressure, heartbeat, congestive heart failure, and COPD for easy breath|
|6||Banafsha||Viola odorata||Carum carvi, dry ripe fruits|
|7||Black pepper||Piper nigrum-unripe fruits||As stomachic (enhances hunger), carminative (enhances eructation)|
|8||Caraway||The dried bark of Rhamnus purshiana||Expels gas by eructation|
|9||Cascar||Cathartic (in constipation), hair growth promoter||As stomachic and laxative|
|10||Cardamom||Elettaria cardamomum-dry-ripe fruits||Expels gas by eructation (carminative)|
|11||Castor oil||Ricinus communis-seed’s fixed oil||Treatment of heart failure and cardiac arrhythmia|
|12||Ceylon Cinnamon||Cinnamomum zeylanicum||Carminative (enhances eructation)|
|13||Citronella oil||Cymbopogan nardus-volatile oil from leaves||Mosquito repellent|
|14||Clove||Eugenia caryophyllus-dry flower bud||Dental analgesic, anti-septic, carminative|
|15||Coriander||Coriandrum sativum-dry fruits||Carminative|
|16||Corkwood||Duboisia myoporoides-dry leaves||Duboisia myoporoides-dry leves|
|17||Digitalis||Dried leaves of digitalis purpurea.||Hyoscyamus niger leaves & flower tip|
|18||Egyptian Henbane||Has essential oils with uses like Expectorant (removes phlegm), and counter-irritant.||Relieve spasms of the urinary tract & gripping effect of purgatives|
|19||Eucalyptus oil||Eucalyptus citriodara-leaf oil||Zingiber officinale dried rhizome|
|20||Fennel||Foeniculum vulgare-dry ripe fruit||Expels gas by eructation|
|21||Garlic||Allium sativum-bulbs||To enhance libido, expel phlegm, for eructation|
|22||Ginseng||Panax ginseng||Is immunomodulator. See the benefits of ginseng.|
|23||Ginger||Anti-emetic, anti-inflammatory.||Anti-spasmodic, anticholinergic antidote for chloral hydrate & opium poisoning|
|24||Glycyrrhiza (Liquorice)||Glycyrrhiza glabra; dried roots and stolons||Expectorant and anti-inflammatory|
|25||Senna||Cassia angustifolia-dried leaflets|
For purgation of bowels.
|26||Ipecac||Cephaelis ipecacuanha-dried roots & rhizomes||To induce vomiting (emetic)|
|27||Isapgol||Plantago ovate-||To relieve constipation (laxative)|
|28||Jira||Ciminum cyminum-dry ripe fruit Ciminum cyminum-dry ripe fruit||Stimulant, carminative|
|29||Lemon grass Oil||Opium poppy||Vitamin-A precursor|
|30||Mentha oil||Mentha piperita-volatile oil from flowers||Expels gas by eructation|
|31||As an insecticide to kill insects, mosquito repellent||To relieve severe pains and cough, & also as hypnotic||Papaver somniferum-dry latex having Morphine, codeine, etc.|
|32||Palmarosa oil||Cymbopogan martini-volatile oil|
|33||Papain||Carica papaya (papaya plant-unripe fruit latex.||One of the anti-inflammatory herbs|
|34||Peruvian bark||Cinchona ledgeriana-dried bark||Anti-malarial drug|
|35||Pyrethrum||Chrysanthemum cineraria folium flower heads||Sandalwood oil|
|Dioscorea composite-dried tubers||For rheumatic arthritis|
|37||Rauwolfia||Rauwolfia serpentine-Dry roots||Sandalwood oil|
|38||Sandal wood oil||Santalum album-volatile oil||Decreases frequent urination.|
|39||Solanum khasianum||Solanum-dried berries||For steroid production|
|40||Giloy/ Guduchi||Leaves and stems of Tinospora cordifolia||For fever treatment|
|41||Tulsi||Ocimum sanctum-fresh & dry leaves||Sandalwood oil|
|42||Turmeric||Curcuma longs-dry rhizomes||Anti-septic, anti-oxidant, condiment|
|43||Turpentine oil.||Pinus roxburghii-volatile oil||Counter irritant (for pain relief)|
|44||Vetiver oil||Vetiveria zizanoides-volatile oil from|
|Relive prickly heat and itching|
|45||Vinca||Catharanthus roseus-entre plant||medicinal plants for cancer treatment, anticancer herbs|
|46||Yew||Taxus baccata||Dry leaves, bark & roots.|