Anxiety is one of the leading psychiatric disorders in the world. It is not a life-threatening disorder, but it can drastically disturb the normal lifestyle and productivity.
In some people, the anxiety disorder can lead to other health disorders like high blood pressure, cardiac- palpitations, depression, dizziness, headaches, etc.
Signs of anxiety
The general signs of anxiety include nervousness, increased heart rate and pulse, sweating, flushing, trembling, improper breath, etc.
All of us experience some of those symptoms very often. But if these signs last for 6 months or more consistently, the person is diagnosed as suffering from an anxiety disorder.
Further signs of anxiety differ based on the type of anxiety disorder.
As per The National Institute of Mental Health, anxiety disorders are broadly classified into five types.
Types of anxiety disorders & their peculiar signs include.
The 5 types of anxiety disorders include
1. Generalized Anxiety Disorder;
Here, the person feels extremely anxious about everyday situations than necessary. They tend to be restless, irritable, unable to sleep (insomnia), easily fatigued, etc.
2. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder;
This is the type of anxiety disorder where the person seems amusing to others due to his recurrent or repetitive behaviors. The person has both obsessive and also compulsive tendencies. They tend to repetitive things.
Obsessions include: Fear of germs, fear of losing articles or valuables, worry about untoward harm, etc.
Compulsions include Repeated cleaning and washing of hands or body parts, repeated checking, counting, keeping unnecessary objects, etc.
Performing these repeated actions provides them temporary relief and not doing so makes their anxiety even worse.
3. Panic disorder;
It is characterized by recurrent sudden attacks of terror, with symptoms like the pounding of the heart, sweating, weakness, dizziness, etc. These attacks are spontaneous and during the attack, the person may feel flush, chill, or even numb.
4. Social Anxiety Disorder or Social Phobia;
It is an anxiety disorder wherein the person is overwhelmingly anxious in social life. He is overly self-conscious to speak, eat or drink before others in social situations or gatherings.
Due to this, they try to avoid social situations like gatherings, speaking on the stage, etc.
5. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).
This anxiety disorder is acquired by persons who have faced life-threatening dangers, injuries, or events. They feel excessively nervous even in non-dangerous situations. This is most common among the military personnel and survivors of an accident, physical and psychological trauma.
How to deal with these signs of anxiety?
Being a pharmacist, I come across few anxiolytics. But all the medicines which act on the brain are poisons. Hence, one needs to take those medicines only under a doctor’s supervision. But, using these medicines would have prominent side-effects. Besides, there are also possibilities for withdrawal symptoms.
Anxiety symptoms disturb normal daily activities if not treated or controlled properly. To stop anxiety, one has to overcome it and bring it under normal levels. Some may require both medication and psychotherapy for faster and effective recovery from the disorder.
Medication therapy aims to calm your mind with sedative drugs, while psychotherapy helps you understand and gain control over your anxiety-related behavior. But both of these techniques require the help of an expert in the field and in severe cases, their help is inevitable.
These techniques yield results after some initial practice but are worth a try. They prevent further progression of signs of anxiety and help you overcome the mood or thoughts that make you prone to anxiety.