Protein constitutes a large proportion of the solid mass in the body.
After water, they form the second-largest portions in the cell & tissue mass.
They are required in the formation of all the cells, tissues and for the building of the body.
Hence, they are termed as building blocks of life.
In a typical cell, proteins are formed from amino acids and peptides by a translation mechanism at the nucleus.
Many of us know that proteins as important nutrients or supplements for bodybuilding but, to have a better view of them let’s get the overall possible protein facts.
Basics of protein:
Chemistry of proteins; They are made of the elements carbon, nitrogen, hydrogen, oxygen. The smallest unit is amino acids which join together to form peptides, polypeptides and then make up proteins. They are water-soluble and easily degraded by temperature, acids, heat and other chemicals.
When proteins are formed the following sequence occurs.
So when we directly consume a protein from food or supplements, they are broken down into simple units i.e amino acids and absorbed into the blood and from there into cells. In the cell, these amino acids are utilized to form the desired protein by the above sequence.
Hence both i.e. breakdown of protein from supplements or nutrition in the stomach to amino-acids and thereby absorption into the body should be effective.
Protein Facts in Health:
2. In times of infectious diseases foods rich in protein are to be consumed along with suitable medication for faster recovery and effective cure.
3. Proteins constitute immune components like antibodies and antigens. Hence consumption of sufficient protein boosts your immunity enhances the disease resistance capacity.
4. Protein-rich foods or nutrition helps put on body mass when combined with gym and other physical exercises.
5. Proteins unlike carbohydrates and fats are not stored in the body and are excreted on daily basis in the urine as urea and uric acid and also ammonia. So, they are to be replenished on regular basis through diet.
6.Protein are components of some enzymes and hormones which regulate bodies’ vital functions like metabolism, reproduction, growth, etc.
7. Proteins in excess i.e if undigested and accumulated in the body can lead to toxicity.
Protein facts about supplementation:
The proteins we consume don’t directly add up to the body tissues and cells. They are first digested into amino acids and absorbed into the blood. From there these amino acids are used up to build proteins by individual cells and tissues.
Of the natural sources, the supplements from the plant and vegetative sources are better than meat and other non-vegetable sources due to better absorption and low-fat content.
The individual absorption and assimilation of these amino acids and proteins vary on some factors. These factors include age, physical activity, constitutional nature of your body, disease conditions like gut inconsistencies, tuberculosis and other disease condition, etc.
Age: With the growth of age say in old age people, there are chances of indigestion or Mal-absorption leading to improper protein uptake by the body.
Physical activity: Increased physical activity by exercise, gym, workouts lead to enhanced protein uptake by the body. This is an important protein fact because of which there are floods of protein supplements in the market and also equivalent fitness enthusiasts willing to spend on them. This is due to many factors like increased appetite, increased blood flow to the gut thereby increased nutritional absorption from the intestine and also enhanced supply of these absorbed amino acids to the required tissue.
Constitutional nature of your body: Some consume less quantity of food but they seem to be well built or even obese and on the other hand some stay lean in spite of heavy food consumption. This is a genetic factor and lean people have a tendency to absorb less protein from their diet than well-built guys. But this tendency can be overcome by a planned and regulated diet and strenuous workouts like the gym.
Disease conditions: In times of infectious diseases or infestation by worms in the alimentary tract, there is a tendency for lesser absorption of nutrients, lack of appetite, low digestive capacity, etc. So person drastically loses body mass in times of infection or infestation.
Even protein utilization in the body after absorption from the gut influences the body size. That is why we see variations like lean people, well-built and also obese people.
Based on these protein facts, it seems proper to select the best protein supplement as the condition demands. One may not be able to digest soy protein powder in times of old age due to decreased digestive conditions for them simple milk and egg can suit their body protein needs. But the same milk protein may not be able to supply the protein required for a well-built bodybuilder. In that case, soy protein and other options serve well.