Neem plant is a perennial tree that can live for hundreds of years. It is scientifically called as Azadirachta indica. Every part of neem tree be its leaves or seeds are bitter in taste.
It finds its use in soaps, toothpaste, shampooes, etc. due to its inherent anti-microbial property.
It is one among the list of medicinal plants with varied benefits. The parts of the plants extensively used are leaves, seeds (oil) and the stem wood.
Neem is propagated by its seeds and hence can be easily grown in soil by using natural seeds.
Uses of neem plant
Neem is used in medicine, in agriculture and also in the home furniture. But for convenience we will read as
- For medicine
- Veternary use
- Pest control
- In agriculture
- For furniture
Neem is used for external skin applications and also internally for few diseases.
Neem oil has anti-fungal, antimicrobial, anti-nematode and spermicide activities. Hence neem is used for various infectious conditions on the skin including dandruff, pimples and prevention of lice infestation on head.
- Lies treatment: It is a good insect repellent; hence, neem oil when applied on scalp over night on regular intervals helps to get rid of lies on the scalp of the head.
- Spermicide: Spermicide is an agent that can prevent conception. Neem oil is found to be effective spermicide and hence it can be used in contraceptive products to prevent unwanted pregnancy.
- Tooth Cleaner: You can find Neem toothpaste in use for those with gum problems. It is also recommended by dentists. Neem toothpaste is considered to prevent plaques and avoid bad breath. Neem branch twigs can be used to brush the teeth without the need for a brush. Due to its natural antimicrobial property, it is considered very effective. Hence it is constituent of many herbal tooth preparation like dant Kanti.
- In eye drops: Neem is also used in the preparation of Ayurveda eye drops like the Itone. This preparation helps to relieve eye strain and minor infections.
Neem has potential repellant and larvividal property due to which it is used for control of pests and fleas in sheep, dog, cats and other cattle.
It is used as shampoo, oil, sprays or powder to reduce the parasitic infestations in pets and animals.
nematocide for cattle. They are fed with neem cake which is a pulp of neem seed after oil extraction. This neem feed kills nematode parasites in the gut of cattle.
Neem uses in agriculture: Neem plants are one of the sources of natural pesticides. Besides being a huge plant with long lifespan has advantages like.
- As natural pesticide: The use as pesticide helps minimize pollution of air, water, soil due to synthetic pesticides which have low degradation property. While Neem being a biological agent get degraded faster without causing long-term toxicity to plants and soil.
- To prevent soil erosion: Further Neem trees grown in dense at the boundaries of agricultural land can help loss of soil fertility and also surface soil erosion by wind.
- As boundary indicators: These neem plants can also help one to recognize the boundaries of a piece of land as they are tall and live longer. Hence were grown on the boundaries of agricultural lands as an indication of the size of a piece of land.
- Neem coated urea: Neem oil is used to coat or mask urea used in agriculture as fertilizer. This neem coat is said to minimize wastage of urea and provide the urea to the plant for a long time. Besides this, it also minimizes urea contamination in groundwater and air pollution.
Neem tree for furniture: Neem plant is grown in natural habitats everywhere, and so it is easy to find neem wood for making furniture. Neem wood is widely used in making furniture items like wooden doors, cupboards, etc. The specialty of neem plant wood for furniture is that
- Durability: The durability is very high. This is because the neem plant is natural insect repellent and hence, the wood does not get damaged by wood-boring insects like termites.
- Hardness: The wood is tough and strong, and further it is readily available and cheaper than other expensive woods.