List of Medicinal Plants | Uses of these Herbs in Health

Medicinal plants are valuable resources for our health care system since ancient period.

These natural herbs are an important source of drugs for alternative medicine systems.

These systems include Ayurveda, homeopathy, Unani and even allopathy.

They are thought to constitute 80% of total drugs used by humans.

These natural healing herbs are used in the treatment of many diseases and disorders.

Their specialty is advantages like better compatibility in the body, easy metabolism, low side effects and also less expensive than synthetic drugs.

Further, they are not harmful to the environment after disposal.

They don’t require heavy manufacture, expensive analysis, and storage facility.

They retain their potency for a long period if stored well.

Many of them can be used as home-made preparations, during an emergency or can be bought as over the counter drugs without a physician prescription.list of medicinal plants

These medicinal plants come under different types of plants and not restricted to one family or type of plants.

So below chart gives an idea of the List of Medicinal Plants and uses.

List of Medicinal Plants, their uses

Sl.No.Name of plantSource(scientific)Uses
1AconiteAconitum ferox –plant rootLeprosy, cholera,catarrh
2Aloe veraAlove barbadensisSucculent leaves. Used as hydrating agent for smooth skin.
3AshwagandhaWithania somnifera-roots & stem bases.Neurotonic, Rheumatism, gout, hypertension, cancer
4BelladonnaAtropa accuminata-leaves & flowersAnti-spasmodic, anticholinergic, antidote for chloral hydrate & opium poisoning
5BenafshaViola odorataAnti-bacterial, anti-fungal, in fever, as expectorant (to remove phlegm)
6Black pepperPiper nigrum-unripe fruitsAs stomachic (enhances hunger), carminative (enhances eructation)
7carawayCarum carvi-dry-ripe fruitsExpels gas by eructation
8CardamomElettaria cardamomum-dry-ripe fruitsExpels gas by eructation (carminative)
9Castor oilRicinus communis-seed’s fixed oilCatharatic (in constipation), hair growth promoter
10Ceylon CinnamonCinnamomum zeylanicumcarminative (enhances eructation)
11Citronella oilCymbopogan nardus-volatile oil from leavesMosquito repellant
12CloveEugenia caryophyllus-dry flower budDental analgesic, anti-septic, carminative
13CorianderCoriandrum sativum-dry fruitscarminative
14CorkwoodDuboisia myoporoides-dry leavesParasympatholytic, antidote in physostigmine and pilocarpine poisoning.
15Egyptian HenbaneHyoscyamus niger-leaves & flower tipRelieve spasm of urinary tract & gripping effect of purgatives
16Eucalyptus oilEucalyptus citriodara-leaf oilHas essential oils with uses like Expectorant (removes phlegm), counter-irritant.
17FennelFoeniculum vulgare-dry ripe fruitExpels gas by eructation
18GarlicAllium sativum-bulbsTo enhance libido, expel phlegm, for eructation
19GinsengPanax ginsengAs immunomodulator. See more health benefits of ginseng.
20SennaCassia angustifolia-dried leafletsFor purgation of bowels.
21IpecacCephaelis ipecacuanha-dried roots & rhizomesTo induce vomiting (emetic)
22IsapgolPlantago ovate-To relieve constipation (laxative)
23JiraCiminum cyminum-dry ripe fruitStimulant, carminative
24Lemon grass oilCymbopogin flexuousus-volatile oil from leaves & plant partsVitamin-A precursor
25Mentha oilMentha piperita-volatile oil from flowersExpels gas by eructation
26Opium poopyPapaver somniferum-dry latex having Morphine , codeine etc.To relieve severe pains, cough, & also as hypnotic
27Palmarosa oilCymbopogan martini-volatile oil from leavesInsect repellant
28PapinCarica papaya (papaya plant-unripe fruit latex.One of anti inflammatory herbs
29Peruvian barkCinchona ledgeriana-dried barkAnti-malarial drug
30PyrethrumChrysanthemum cineraria folium-flower headsAs an insecticide to kill insects mosquito repellent
31Rheumatism rootDioscorea composite-dried tubersFor rheumatic arthritis
32Sandal wood oilSantalum album-volatile oilDecreases frequent urination tendency.
33SerpentinaRauwolfia serpentine-Dry rootsAs a Anti-hypertensive agent
34Solanum khasianumSolanum-dried berriesFor steroid production
35TulsiOcimum sanctum-fresh & dry leavesUses of tulsi are Anti-bacterial, insecticide and immune modulator
36TurmericCurcuma longs-dry rhizomesAnti-septic, anti-oxidant, condiment
37Turpentine oil.Pinus roxburghii-volatile oilCounter irritant (for pain)
38Vetiver oilVetiveria zizanoides-volatile oil from rootRelive prickly heat and itching
39VincaCatharanthus roseus-entre plantmedicinal plants for cancer treatment, anticancer herbs
40YewTaxus baccataDry leaves, bark & roots.

This big list of uses indicates the importance of plants. So we need to take efforts to prevent them from eradication in the name of development.

Conservation of medicinal plants is very important for future use.

Due to heavy use, large plants and those plants which take a long time for germination and growth are chopped off.

Hence the conservation of medicinal plants is done by obtaining the medicinal plant material by agriculture methods of cultivation instead of relying on the plants grown naturally in forests.

Further, we need to take steps for conservation of medicinal plants by obtaining these medicinal plant drugs by tissue culture method where possible.

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