List of Medicinal Plants | Their Uses in Different Diseases

Medicinal plants are valuable resources for our health care system since ancient period.

These natural herbs are an important source of drugs for alternative medicine systems.

These systems include Ayurveda, homeopathy, Unani and even allopathy.

They are thought to constitute 80% of total drugs used by humans.

These natural healing herbs are used in the treatment of many diseases and disorders.

Their specialty is advantages like better compatibility in the body, easy metabolism, low side effects and also less expensive than synthetic drugs.

Further, they are not harmful to the environment after disposal.

They don’t require heavy manufacture, expensive analysis, and storage facility.

They retain their potency for a long period if stored well.

Many of them can be used as home-made preparations, during an emergency or can be bought as over the counter drugs without a physician prescription.list of medicinal plants

These medicinal plants come under different types of plants and not restricted to one family or type of plants.

So below chart gives an idea of the List of Medicinal Plants and uses.

List of Medicinal Plants, their uses

Sl.No. Name of plant Source of plant (Scientific) Uses
1 Aconite Aconitum ferox –plant root Leprosy, cholera,catarrh
2 Aloe vera Aloe barbadensis Succulent leaves. Used as hydrating agent for smooth skin
3 Arjuna Terminalia Arjuna-Tree dry Bark Correct Blood pressure, heart beat, congestive heart failure, OPD for easy breath
4 Ashwagandha Withania somnifera-roots & stem bases. Neurotonic, Rheumatism, gout, hypertension, cancer
5 Belladonna Atropa accuminata-leaves & flowers Anti-spasmodic, anticholinergic, antidote for chloral hydrate & opium poisoning
6 Banafsha Viola odorata Anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, in fever, as expectorant (to remove phlegm)
7 Black pepper Piper nigrum-unripe fruits As stomachic (enhances hunger), carminative (enhances eructation)
8 Caraway Carum carvi,dry ripe fruits Expels gas by eructation
9 Cascar Dried bark of Rhamnus purshiana As stomachic and laxative
10 Cardamom Elettaria cardamomum-dry-ripe fruits Expels gas by eructation (carminative)
11 Castor oil Ricinus communis-seed’s fixed oil Catharatic (in constipation), hair growth promoter
12 Ceylon Cinnamon Cinnamomum zeylanicum Carminative (enhances eructation)
13 Citronella oil Cymbopogan nardus-volatile oil from leaves Mosquito repellent
14 Clove Eugenia caryophyllus-dry flower bud Dental analgesic, anti-septic, carminative
15 Coriander Coriandrum sativum-dry fruits Carminative
16 Corkwood Duboisia myoporoides-dry leaves Duboisia myoporoides-dry leves
  Digitalis Dried leaves of digitalis purpurea. Treatment of heart failur and cardiac arrhythmia
17 Egyptian Henbane Hyoscyamus niger-leaves & flower tip Relieve spasm of urinary tract & gripping effect of purgatives
18 Eucalyptus oil Eucalyptus citriodara-leaf oil Has essential oils with uses like Expectorant (removes phlegm), counter-irritant.
19 Fennel Foeniculum vulgare-dry ripe fruit Expels gas by eructation
20 Garlic Allium sativum-bulbs To enhance libido, expel phlegm, for eructation
21 Ginseng Panax ginseng As immunomodulator. See more health benefits of ginseng.
22 Ginger Zingiber officinale, dried rhizome Anti-emetic, anti inflammatory.
23 Glycyrrhiza (Liquorice) Glycyrrhiza glabra; dried roots and stolons Expectorant and anti-inflammatory
24 Senna Cassia angustifolia-dried leaflets
For purgation of bowels.
25 Ipecac Cephaelis ipecacuanha-dried roots & rhizomes To induce vomiting (emetic)
26 Isapgol Plantago ovate- To relieve constipation (laxative)
27 Jira Ciminum cyminum-dry ripe fruit Ciminum cyminum-dry ripe fruit Stimulant, carminative
28 Lemon grass Oil Cymbopogan flexosus-volatile oil of leaves & other plant parts Vitamin-A precursor
29 Mentha oil Mentha piperita-volatile oil from flowers Expels gas by eructation
30 Opium poopy Papaver somniferum-dry latex having Morphine, codeine etc. To relieve severe pains, cough, & also as hypnotic
31 Palmarosa oil Cymbopogan martini-volatile oil
from leaves
Insect repellent
32 Papain Carica papaya (papaya plant-unripe fruit latex. One of anti inflammatory herbs
33 Peruvian bark Cinchona ledgeriana-dried bark Anti-malarial drug
34 Pyrethrum Chrysanthemum cineraria folium flower heads As an insecticide to kill insects mosquito repellent
35 Rheumatism
Dioscorea composite-dried tubers For rheumatic arthritis
36 Rauwolfia Rauwolfia serpentine-Dry roots As a Anti-hypertensive agent
37 Sandal wood oil Santalum album-volatile oil Decreases frequent urination
38 Solanum khasianum Solanum-dried berries For steroid production
39 Tulsi Ocimum sanctum-fresh & dry leaves Uses of tulsi are Anti-bacterial, insecticide and immune modulator
40 Turmeric Curcuma longs-dry rhizomes Anti-septic, anti-oxidant, condiment
41 Turpentine oil. Pinus roxburghii-volatile oil Counter irritant (for pain relief)
42 Vetiver oil Vetiveria zizanoides-volatile oil from
Relive prickly heat and itching
43 Vinca Catharanthus roseus-entre plant medicinal plants for cancer treatment, anticancer herbs
44 Yew Taxus baccata Dry leaves, bark & roots.

This big list of uses indicates the importance of plants. So we need to take efforts to prevent them from eradication in the name of development.

Conservation of medicinal plants is very important for future use.

Due to heavy use, large plants and those plants which take a long time for germination and growth are chopped off.

Hence the conservation of medicinal plants is done by obtaining the medicinal plant material by agriculture methods of cultivation instead of relying on the plants grown naturally in forests.

Further, we need to take steps for conservation of medicinal plants by obtaining these medicinal plant drugs by tissue culture method where possible.

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