Constipation is small yet irritating health disorder which on longstanding leads to other serious disorders like irritable bowel syndrome, piles, rectal and intestinal cancer, acidity, ulcers etc.
Constipation is an irregular and incomplete emptying of bowels (stools). This incomplete defecation causes toxicity and other discomforts like acidity, indigestion, heaviness etc. for the patient. The discomfort ends only when there is complete emptying of the bowels.
The factors which contribute to normal defecation and emptying of bowels is
1. Regular intestinal movements.
2. Sufficient moisture (water content in the body).
3. Sufficient load in the bowels.
The disturbance in these factors leads to constipation. The constipation in general can be either mild constipation or severe constipation.
Mild constipation is a common health disturbance and gets normalized in a day or two with minimum effort. While severe constipation is like obstinate type and can be problematic symptom for prolonged periods.
Mild constipation occurs due to insufficient water intake, sedentary life style, excessive dryness, insufficient meals or even heavy oily food consumption.
Severe constipation occurs due to irregular intestinal movements which is common in old people and in some young people due to their lifestyle and habits.
Regular intestinal movements can be had if one keeps walking daily and avoiding sedentary lifestyle. Also brisk exercise can help keep the gut flexible and active to avoid constipation.
For mild constipation one can use fibrous foods like fruits (especially banana, mangoes), vegetables and cereals like wheat and rice made food preparation will enhance bulk, retain moisture and help in emptying of the bowels. Also having water in sufficient quantities and regular intervals will prevent gut hydrated.